Insomnia Types and Cures

Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder. It can be classified into transient insomnia, acute insomnia and chronic insomnia.

Transient insomnia may be characterized with mental unrest and sleeplessness for a period ranging from one night to a few weeks. A common example is jet lag or excess caffeine consumption for a period of time. It may also be due to a sudden loss of a loved one. Basically, it is an accumulation of stress which dissipates after a period of time. Acute insomnia is when a person is unable to sleep soundly for a period ranging from a month to half a year. Chronic insomnia is the most serious case and in this case the patient is persistently not able to sleep at night.

 

Treating insomnia may be made possible by understanding the underlying cause for the same. Diagnosing insomnia can be difficult because sometimes there may be no apparent problem what so ever. The common method of treatment is sleeping pills. Sleeping pills act like sedatives and force the nervous system to shut down. However, the problem with this treatment is dependence of the body to the drug. The body becomes addicted to the medicine and the addiction may be psychological too. Moreover, the medicine detriments the central nervous system of the patient?s body. Hence, it is not advisable in the long run.

 

According to recent study, a new method of treatment has been developed. It is called ?cognitive behavior therapy?. It is a form of a psychotherapy which has proved to be an effective tool of controlling sleep disorder. This therapy is based on understanding of the patient?s perception and interpretation of his daily life and activities, hence called ?cognitive?. Basically, this helps the doctor to comprehend the causes of stress and thereby helps to eliminate or alleviate the same. It also involves inculcating good sleep habits and means of inducing sleep naturally. People with sleeping problems are advised to cut down on caffeine containing beverages. They should try to regularize their lifestyles and set bedtimes for themselves. A warm bath or glass of milk before sleeping is also beneficial.